Tangkasi (Minahasa) (Supriatna et al. 2000)
Ordo : Primata
Infraordo : Tarsiiformes (Gregory 1915)
Famili : Tarsiidae (Gray 1825)
Genus : Tarsier (Storr 1780)
Spesies : Tarsius spectrum
Tangkasi (Tarsius spectrum) is a primate of the genus Tarsier and family Tarsiidae which is the only surviving family of the order Tarsiiformes. Although this group of yore have wide deployment, but all the species living today are limited and are found in most islands Southeast Asia.
Tarsier smallish with very big eyes, each eyeball diameter 16 mm and the overall size of the brain (Shumaker 2003). Also very long hind legs. Bone tarsus at his feet very long and this is the name of the tarsus bone derived tarsier. The length of the head and body 10 to 15 cm, but its hind legs almost twice the body length and head. Tarsier has a slender tail round 20 up to 25 cm, elongated fingers, with the third finger of about the same length as the upper arm. At your fingertips are nail but in the second and third finger of the hind legs in the form of claws that are used to treat the body. Hair Tarsier generally brown gray, light brown or yellow-orange light (Niemitz 1985).
Tarsier is generally a nocturnal animal (active at night) and insectivores. Gestation lasts for six months, dan hanya satu ekor anak pada setiap kelahiran.
Tangkasi an animal protected by the Law No.5 / 1990 and Government Regulation No.7 / 1999, including vulnerable categories or Vulnerable (IUCN) and listed in Appendix II (CITES). The uniqueness that has made these animals continue to be hunted for illegally traded as pets (Wirdateti & you Dahru, 2006). This of course led to a decline in natural population Tangkasi. Besides, serious threat to the natural decline in population tangkasi is illegal logging and forest conversion which caused the decrease in natural habitat tangkasi.
Editor : Silvia A. Prabandari
Photo : R. Suryo Saputro
Supriatna, J., Edy HW (2000). Field Guide Primates Indonesia. Obor Indonesia, Jakarta. ISBN 979-461-355-X.
Wirdateti, H., you Dahru. 2006. Observations Feed and Habitat Tarsius spectrum (Tarsier) The Tangkoko Nature Reserve in Batu Angus, North Sulawesi.[Biodiversity Science Journal Volume 7 No.4 hal 373-377]