BUENOS AIRES, KOMPAS.com - A court in Argentina made a historic decision and the first time that happened in the world when it makes a decision that orangutans have legal rights while in confinement. Therefore, orangutan named Sandra guaranteed by the law to be able to be moved to a suitable habitat to development needs.
Bar Association of Professionals in Argentina for Animal Rights has filed a warrant habeas corpus, Sandra urgent liberation of detention and in the interests of Sandra. After liberation or transfer command was issued, The orangutans are taken to an asylum in Brazil, where Sandra could have partial freedom and controlled.
Sandra is an orangutan who lived during 20 years in captivity in Buenos Aires Zoo. Over the decision, Sandra then considered “non-human creatures” the fundamental needs remain guaranteed, for example the right to life, freedom, and not physically or psychologically tortured.
According to the lawyer Sandra, Andres Gil Dominguez, Argentine Federal Council for Criminal Cassation set that primates are the subject of legal. “Non-human beings who have a number of rights and the right to be protected through legal procedures,” said Gil.
“This is a decision that is unprecedented. The first verdict worldwide,” he said.
Previously, Argentine law is to categorize the animals as objects.
Buenos Aires Zoo Party has not provided a statement, but given up to two weeks to appeal.
Although this case set a precedent that could apply globally, specialists in this case claimed that this decision can only be applied in limited to animals such as primates belonging to Sandra and great apes. The Reason, This kind of animal has a genetic similarity to 96 percent with humans.
Scientists do think chimpanzees, gorilla, and orangutans have an understanding and a feeling that can be likened to that of humans.
“It has been proved that Sandra and primates held in confinement are not only deprived of their liberty, but also lose the ability to live in their natural habitat,” said Gil.
“It also proves that they are affected (containment). They suffered against his detention, and this causes serious damage in and,” Further Gil.
With animal rights activists interpret this decision as a new perspective related species in captivity.
According to Pia Pacheco of Project Gran Simio Argentina, This case is “a reflection of a number of changes taking place in our country in matters relating to the consideration of human beings to animals and their future”.
|Editor||: Bayu Galih|