redirected NATUNAE (Presbytis natunae)
Discovered a terancam pastila, satwa ini termasuk hewan langka yang hanya ada di daerah Natuna. According to researchers at the Center for the Study of Biodiversity and Conservation (PSBK) and students of the Graduate Program, Conservation Biology, University Of Indonesia (UI), Discovered a ditemui hanya di Pulau Natuna (Great Bunguran) saja. Di pulau tersebut kekah tersebar dalam beberapa tipe habitat dan ketinggian (gunung tertinggi adalah Mount Ranai 1.035 m dpl). Habitat Things dihuni redirected Son antara lain, primary forest mountains, secondary forests, old rubber plantation, riparian areas, and also encountered overlaps with mangrove forests and mixed farms (Indrawan & Rangkuti, 2002). Too bad, The archipelago has been no protected areas (conservation areas).
Besides, endemicity status is confined to one island, plus a high hunting to be maintained and sold, and there is no public awareness efforts (public awareness), menyebabkan discovered a sangat terancam pastila. Therefore, protective action against the Natuna kekah very urgent to be done. If not, kekah Natuna in the near future will be to extinction, and the earth will lose one species of primates endemic in Indonesia.
A. Distribution and Habitat
Natuna archipelago located in the South China Sea between Peninsular Malaysia, Borneo, Vietnam and Cambodia. At Natuna Archipelago, There Pulau Natuna Besar or Bunguran that is located at the coordinate 030 38’ – 040 15'LU dan 1070 58’ – 1080 25’ BT. Around the island area 172.000 has, with length 65 km and width 45 km. Beberapa hewan endemik dapat ditemui di pulau ini. Discovered a Presbytis natunae, lemur Nycticebus coucang natunae, and the long-tailed macaque Macaca fascicularis primates pumila are three endemic in P. Natuna. Besides, some kind of endangered animals such as dugong Dugong dugong, Leatherback turtle Dermochelys coreacea, and the estuarine crocodile porosus Crocodilus also available in P. Natuna (Chasen, 1935).
redirected is a rare primates that exist only in the district of the island Bunguran Natuna Besar. The scientific name of this primate is Presbytis natunae. Kekah scattered in several types of habitat and altitude (The highest mountain is Mount Ranai 1.035 m dpl). Habitat Things dihuni redirected Son antara lain, primary forest mountains, secondary forests, old rubber plantation, riparian areas, and also encountered overlaps with mangrove forests and mixed farms.
B. Conservation Status
Kategori Status konservasi IUCN Red List the categories used by IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources) dalam melakukan klasifikasi terhadap spesies-spesies berbagai makhluk hidup yang terancam extinction. Dari status konservasi ini kemudian IUCN mengeluarkan IUCN Red List of Threatened Species atau disingkat IUCN Red List, ie scarcity status of a species list.
IUCN Red List establish criteria for evaluating the status of the rarity of a species. These criteria are relevant to all species worldwide. The aim is to warn the importance of conservation issues to the public and policy makers to help the international community in improving the status of species extinction. Status Vulnerable ialah konservasi yang diberikan kepada spesies yang sedang menghadapi risiko kepunahan di alam liar pada waktu yang akan datang. Listed in the IUCN Redlist 4.467 animals and 4.607 plant status Vulnerable. Examples of Indonesia with the status Threatened species include; Cassowary, Green peacock, dan Kakak Tua Maluku. Kekah natunae termasuk dalam status IUCN yaitu Venurable (VU).
The number of people who want to maintain this Natuna kekah, because morphologically very funny shape, besides it is also easy to tame animals, and is considered to have value when the prestigious maintain. Some people who claim to maintain very easy to take care kekah, Karena discovered these malliberejon makan apa saja, like normal food for human consumption (our, wheel, milk, banana, and vegetables). Tentu saja banyak kasus kekah yang mati dalam pemeliharaan akibat konsumsi pakan yang tidak sesuai. Besides, Mecca also brought out a lot of the island known as souvenirs or gifts, and for sale. Transport used normally merchant ships in local ports, because normally not be ruled out by means.
Due to popular demand and selling prices are relatively high, Quantité discovered Things diburu semakin Lots. Research conducted by the team during the UI PSBK 16 June to 2 July 2002, there were 28 ekor discovered pernah tertangkap dan dipelihara. Most of these animals will be sold by its owner. From interviews with some people who never kept kekah Natuna, The animal is dead and does not last long if maintained. In addition to its feed that does not comply, kemungkinan lain karena kekah mudah stres. Jumlah kekah yang dipelihara baik yang terdata maupun yang tidak terdata, not represent the total number of arrested / hunted. Usually to get a kekah arrested was his son how to shoot mother. In addition to the shot, These primates caught by chased and trapped. How to catch the pursued is usually done by a local resident who has been accustomed to hunt in the woods.
Kekah females were seen carrying a child will be pursued continuously. Usually not too long, induk discovered smoke melepaskan anaknya (allegedly because kekah easy to stress and panic). Children who are released will not say anything in a tree, if the tree shake hard enough with shouts, Once discovered tersebut akan melompat / terjun the Bawah, so easily captured. Cara menangkap dengan perangkap dilakukan menggunakan perangkap kayu yang besar dan diletakkan di dekat kebun atau ladang. Penduduk biasanya memasang perangkap untuk menjebak kera, which is a threat number two for their gardens. Therefore, The traps are rarely inspected, sehingga pernah terjadi Satu grup redirected, a number of 5 tail, caught dead in a trap because they did not get food and drinks. Not only hunt, redirected juga semakin terdesak Karena permasalahan Habitat. Until year 2000, illegal logging in Natuna almost spent a lowland forest habitat kekah. Kekah now more common in old rubber plantation that has to secondary forests. Unfortunately, The rubber plantation is a garden that are not productive anymore, and based on data from the Department of Agriculture and Forestry, Natuna, rubber gardens will be rejuvenated or diproduktifkan again with new crops. This further narrows the remaining habitat kekah.
Editor: Ardi Wiranata